Fumigaciones troposféricas con aerosoles de Bario, Plata y Estroncio.


“Avión de siembra”. Imagen tomada de http://www.wet-intl.com/aircraft_ground.html

Forzando el clima mediante aerosoles antropogénicos

Aunque ha sido considerado durante mucho tiempo de una importancia marginal para el cambio climático global, el aerosol troposférico contribuye sustancialmente al forzamiento radiativo, y los aerosoles de sulfato antropogénico, en particular, han impuesto una importante perturbación a este forzamiento. Tanto las propiedades de dispersión directa de onda corta de la radiación solar como la modificación de las propiedades reflectantes de onda corta de las nubes con aerosoles de partículas de sulfato incrementan el albedo planetario, ejerciendo de este modo una influencia en el enfriamiento del planeta. El forzamiento del clima actual debido al sulfato antropogénico se estima en -1 a -2 vatios por metro cuadrado, en promedio mundial. Esta perturbación es comparable en magnitud a la corriente de gas de efecto invernadero antropogénica, pero de signo opuesto. Así, el forzamiento por aerosoles ha compensado probablemente el calentamiento global por efecto invernadero en un grado sustancial. Sin embargo, las diferencias en la distribución geográfica y estacional de estos forzamientos excluyen cualquier compensación simple. Los efectos de los aerosoles deben ser tenidos en cuenta en la evaluación de las influencias antropogénicas sobre el clima pasado, futuro,actual y proyectarse en el clima futuro y en la formulación de la política relativa a los controles de emisión de gases de efecto invernadero y de dióxido de azufre. La resolución de estos problemas políticos, requiere de una investigación integrada sobre la magnitud y la distribución geográfica del forzamiento climático por aerosoles y sobre los controles de los procesos químicos y físicos.
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Although long considered to be of marginal importance to global climate change, tropospheric aerosol contributes substantially to radiative forcing, and anthropogenic sulfate aerosol in particular has imposed a major perturbation to this forcing. Both the direct scattering of shortwavelength solar radiation and the modification of the shortwave reflective properties of clouds by sulfate aerosol particles increase planetary albedo, thereby exerting a cooling influence on the planet. Current climate forcing due to anthropogenic sulfate is estimated to be -1 to -2 watts per square meter, globally averaged. This perturbation is comparable in magnitude to current anthropogenic greenhouse gas forcing but opposite in sign. Thus, the aerosol forcing has likely offset global greenhouse warming to a substantial degree. However, differences in geographical and seasonal distributions of these forcings preclude any simple compensation. Aerosol effects must be taken into account in evaluating anthropogenic influences on past, current, and projected future climate and in formulating policy regarding controls on emission of greenhouse gases and sulfur dioxide. Resolution of such policy issues requires integrated research on the magnitude and geographical distribution of aerosol climate forcing and on the controlling chemical and physical processes.

Climate forcing by anthropogenic aerosols.
Charlson RJ, Schwartz SE, Hales JM, Cess RD, Coakley JA Jr, Hansen JE, Hofmann DJ.
Science. 1992 Jan 24
PMID:17842894 [PubMed]

Evidencia del efecto indirecto de los aerosoles: Imagen del Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer capturado el 27 de enero de 2003 y procesado para crear una imagen de color verdadero usando bandas 1 (650 nm), 4 (555 nm) y 3 (469 nm ) muestra un número inusualmente alto de las pistas (líneas blancas), visibles en las nubes fuera de las costas de Francia (izquierda) y España (parte inferior). (Imagen cortesía de J. Descloitres, MODIS Rapid Response Team, NASA / GSFC en Greenbelt, Maryland). Imagen y descripción tomadas de http://www.intechopen.com

Los papeles relativos de los aerosoles de sulfato y de gases de efecto invernadero en el forzamiento climático.

Los cálculos de los efectos tanto de los aerosoles de sulfato naturales y antropogénicos de la troposfera indican que el forzamiento del clima en una serie de regiones del hemisferio norte es lo suficientemente grande para reducir significativamente el forzamiento positivo del aumento de gases de efecto invernadero. Los aerosoles de sulfato forzados durante el verano el hemisferio norte compensan por completo el efecto invernadero forzado en el este de los Estados Unidos y en el centro de Europa. Los aerosoles antropogénicos de sulfato contribuyencon un promedio mundial anual forzado de -0,3 vatios por metro cuadrado en comparación con el +2,1 vatios por metro cuadrado de gases de efecto invernadero. Se discuten las fuentes de la diferencia en magnitud con la estimación anterior de Charlson et al.

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Calculations of the effects of both natural and anthropogenic tropospheric sulfate aerosols indicate that the aerosol climate forcing is sufficiently large in a number of regions of the Northern Hemisphere to reduce significantly the positive forcing from increased greenhouse gases. Summer sulfate aerosol forcing in the Northern Hemisphere completely offsets the greenhouse forcing over the eastern United States and central Europe. Anthropogenic sulfate aerosols contribute a globally averaged annual forcing of -0.3 watt per square meter as compared with +2.1 watts per square meter for greenhouse gases. Sources of the difference in magnitude with the previous estimate of Charlson et al. are discussed.

The relative roles of sulfate aerosols and greenhouse gases in climate forcing.
Kiehl JT, Briegleb BP.
Science. 1993 Apr 16
PMID:17838245 [PubMed]

910th Squadron – Aerial Spray System. imagen tomada de http://aeromotores.wordpress.com/2011/03/20/242/

Elevados niveles de plata, bario y estroncio en las astas, la vegetación y los suelos provenientes de zonas de concentración de CWD: ¿Representan los cristales piezoeléctricos de Ag / Ba / Sr el agente patógeno transmisible de las TSEs?

Altos niveles de plata (Ag), bario (Ba) y estroncio (Sr) y bajos niveles de cobre (Cu) han sido medido en las astas, suelos y pastos de los ciervos que están prosperando hacia una caquexia crónica (CWD) el en clúster de zonas de América del Norte en relación a las áreas donde la CWD y otras encefalopatías espongiformes transmisibles (EET) no han sido reportadas. Los incrementos de Ag, Ba y Sr se cree que proceden de fuentes geoquímicas naturales y de contaminantes artificiales derivados de la práctica común de fumigaciones aéreas llamadas “siembra de nubes” con núcleos de cristales de Ag o Ba por decisiones tomadas para forzar la lluvia en estas áreas propensas a la sequía del norte América, el rociado atmosférico con aerosoles a base de Ba para mejorar la refracción del radar y las comunicaciones de la señal radio, así como la difusión de material de Ba para la perforación petrolera local de la industria del gas a través de los pastizales. Estos metales se han bioconcentrado posteriormente en la cadena alimentaria y en los mamíferos que dependen de los ecosistemas locales deficientes en Cu…

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High levels of Silver (Ag), Barium (Ba) and Strontium (Sr) and low levels of copper (Cu) have been measured in the antlers, soils and pastures of the deer that are thriving in the chronic wasting disease (CWD) cluster zones in North America in relation to the areas where CWD and other transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs) have not been reported. The elevations of Ag, Ba and Sr were thought to originate from both natural geochemical and artificial pollutant sources–stemming from the common practise of aerial spraying with ‘cloud seeding’ Ag or Ba crystal nuclei for rain making in these drought prone areas of North America, the atmospheric spraying with Ba based aerosols for enhancing/refracting radar and radio signal communications as well as the spreading of waste Ba drilling mud from the local oil/gas well industry across pastureland. These metals have subsequently bioconcentrated up the foodchain and into the mammals who are dependent upon the local Cu deficient ecosystems. A dual eco-prerequisite theory is proposed on the aetiology of TSEs which is based upon an Ag, Ba, Sr or Mn replacement binding at the vacant Cu/Zn domains on the cellular prion protein (PrP)/sulphated proteoglycan molecules which impairs the capacities of the brain to protect itself against incoming shockbursts of sound and light energy. Ag/Ba/Sr chelation of free sulphur within the biosystem inhibits the viable synthesis of the sulphur dependent proteoglycans, which results in the overall collapse of the Cu mediated conduction of electric signals along the PrP-proteoglycan signalling pathways; ultimately disrupting GABA type inhibitory currents at the synapses/end plates of the auditory/circadian regulated circuitry, as well as disrupting proteoglycan co-regulation of the growth factor signalling systems which maintain the structural integrity of the nervous system. The resulting Ag, Ba, Sr or Mn based compounds seed piezoelectric crystals which incorporate PrP and ferritin into their structure. These ferrimagnetically ordered crystals multireplicate and choke up the PrP-proteoglycan conduits of electrical conduction throughout the CNS. The second stage of pathogenesis comes into play when the pressure energy from incoming shock bursts of low frequency acoustic waves from low fly jets, explosions, earthquakes, etc. (a key eco-characteristic of TSE cluster environments) are absorbed by the rogue ‘piezoelectric’ crystals, which duly convert the mechanical pressure energy into an electrical energy which accumulates in the crystal-PrP-ferritin aggregates (the fibrils) until a point of ‘saturation polarization’ is reached. Magnetic fields are generated on the crystal surface, which initiate chain reactions of deleterious free radical mediated spongiform neurodegeneration in surrounding tissues. Since Ag, Ba, Sr or Mn based piezoelectric crystals are heat resistant and carry a magnetic field inducing pathogenic capacity, it is proposed that these ferroelectric crystal pollutants represent the transmissible, pathogenic agents that initiate TSE.

Elevated silver, barium and strontium in antlers, vegetation and soils sourced from CWD cluster areas: do Ag/Ba/Sr piezoelectric crystals represent the transmissible pathogenic agent in TSEs?
Purdey M.
Med Hypotheses. 2004
PMID:15236778 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]

910th Squadron – Aerial Spray System. imagen tomada de http://aeromotores.wordpress.com/2011/03/20/242/

Intoxicación crónica de bario altera la síntesis de proteoglicanos sulfatados: una hipótesis para el origen de la esclerosis múltiple.

Altos niveles de contaminación por fuentes naturales e industriales del metal alcalino bario (Ba) han sido identificados en los ecosistemas o lugares de trabajo que están asociados con el clúster de alta incidencia de la esclerosis múltiple (MS) y otras enfermedades neurodegenerativas como las encefalopatías espongiformes transmisibles (TSEs) y la esclerosis lateral amiotrófica (ALS). Los análisis de los ecosistemas que sustentan los grupos de MS más reconocidos en Saskatchewan, Cerdeña, Massachusetts, Colorado, Guam y noreste de Escocia han demostrado consistentemente elevados niveles de Ba en los suelos (media: 1.428 ppm) y de la vegetación (media: 74 ppm) en relación con los niveles medios de 345 y 19 ppm registradas en regiones libres de MS adyacentes. Los altos niveles de Ba surgidos de las canteras locales de minerales y / o el uso de Ba en papel / fundición / soldadura / textil e industrias relacionadas de petróleo y gas, así como de la utilización de Ba en forma de aerosol atmosférico para mejorar la refracción de la señalización de las ondas de radio / radar a lo largo de las rutas de vuelo de jets militares, rangos de misiles de prueba, etc…

High levels of Silver (Ag), Barium (Ba) and Strontium (Sr) and low levels of copper (Cu) have been measured in the antlers, soils and pastures of the deer that are thriving in the chronic wasting disease (CWD) cluster zones in North America in relation to the areas where CWD and other transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs) have not been reported. The elevations of Ag, Ba and Sr were thought to originate from both natural geochemical and artificial pollutant sources–stemming from the common practise of aerial spraying with ‘cloud seeding’ Ag or Ba crystal nuclei for rain making in these drought prone areas of North America, the atmospheric spraying with Ba based aerosols for enhancing/refracting radar and radio signal communications as well as the spreading of waste Ba drilling mud from the local oil/gas well industry across pastureland. These metals have subsequently bioconcentrated up the foodchain and into the mammals who are dependent upon the local Cu deficient ecosystems. A dual eco-prerequisite theory is proposed on the aetiology of TSEs which is based upon an Ag, Ba, Sr or Mn replacement binding at the vacant Cu/Zn domains on the cellular prion protein (PrP)/sulphated proteoglycan molecules which impairs the capacities of the brain to protect itself against incoming shockbursts of sound and light energy. Ag/Ba/Sr chelation of free sulphur within the biosystem inhibits the viable synthesis of the sulphur dependent proteoglycans, which results in the overall collapse of the Cu mediated conduction of electric signals along the PrP-proteoglycan signalling pathways; ultimately disrupting GABA type inhibitory currents at the synapses/end plates of the auditory/circadian regulated circuitry, as well as disrupting proteoglycan co-regulation of the growth factor signalling systems which maintain the structural integrity of the nervous system. The resulting Ag, Ba, Sr or Mn based compounds seed piezoelectric crystals which incorporate PrP and ferritin into their structure. These ferrimagnetically ordered crystals multireplicate and choke up the PrP-proteoglycan conduits of electrical conduction throughout the CNS. The second stage of pathogenesis comes into play when the pressure energy from incoming shock bursts of low frequency acoustic waves from low fly jets, explosions, earthquakes, etc. (a key eco-characteristic of TSE cluster environments) are absorbed by the rogue ‘piezoelectric’ crystals, which duly convert the mechanical pressure energy into an electrical energy which accumulates in the crystal-PrP-ferritin aggregates (the fibrils) until a point of ‘saturation polarization’ is reached. Magnetic fields are generated on the crystal surface, which initiate chain reactions of deleterious free radical mediated spongiform neurodegeneration in surrounding tissues. Since Ag, Ba, Sr or Mn based piezoelectric crystals are heat resistant and carry a magnetic field inducing pathogenic capacity, it is proposed that these ferroelectric crystal pollutants represent the transmissible, pathogenic agents that initiate TSE.

Chronic barium intoxication disrupts sulphated proteoglycan synthesis: a hypothesis for the origins of multiple sclerosis.
Purdey M.
Med Hypotheses. 2004
PMID:15236778 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]

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