No hay relación entre una dieta con grasas saturadas y la enfermedad cardiovascular.


Meta-análisis de estudios epidemiológicos, con un seguimiento de 347.747 sujetos, demuestra que no hay evidencia significativa para la conclusión de que las grasas saturadas en la dieta puedan asociarse con un mayor riesgo de enfermedad coronaria o enfermedad cardiovascular. Se necesitan más datos para aclarar si los riesgos de enfermedades cardiovasculares fueron probablemente debidos a la influencia de nutrientes específicos utilizados para reemplazar a las grasas saturadas.
Am J Clin Nutr. 2010 Mar;91(3):535-46. Epub 2010 Jan 13.

Meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies evaluating the association of saturated fat with cardiovascular disease.

Source

Children’s Hospital, Oakland Research Institute Oakland, CA, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

A reduction in dietary saturated fat has generally been thought to improve cardiovascular health.

OBJECTIVE:

The objective of this meta-analysis was to summarize the evidence related to the association of dietary saturated fat with risk of coronary heart disease (CHD), stroke, and cardiovascular disease (CVD; CHD inclusive of stroke) in prospective epidemiologic studies.

DESIGN:

Twenty-one studies identified by searching MEDLINE and EMBASE databases and secondary referencing qualified for inclusion in this study. A random-effects model was used to derive composite relative risk estimates for CHD, stroke, and CVD.

RESULTS:

During 5-23 y of follow-up of 347,747 subjects, 11,006 developed CHD or stroke. Intake of saturated fat was not associated with an increased risk of CHD, stroke, or CVD. The pooled relative risk estimates that compared extreme quantiles of saturated fat intake were 1.07 (95% CI: 0.96, 1.19; P = 0.22) for CHD, 0.81 (95% CI: 0.62, 1.05; P = 0.11) for stroke, and 1.00 (95% CI: 0.89, 1.11; P = 0.95) for CVD. Consideration of age, sex, and study quality did not change the results.

CONCLUSIONS:

A meta-analysis of prospective epidemiologic studies showed that there is no significant evidence for concluding that dietary saturated fat is associated with an increased risk of CHD or CVD. More data are needed to elucidate whether CVD risks are likely to be influenced by the specific nutrients used to replace saturated fat.

El estudio completo aquí: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmid/20071648/?tool=pubmed

Enlaces externos relacionados: www.lewrockwell.com

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